Prague – historical pearl of Europe – is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. A City of architectural styles with its wealth of monuments, a city filled with music, romance and nostalgia it is mainly a modern city full of life! Prague is best explored on foot, on the many cobblestone lanes that define the city. While exploring the city on foot, you can stop for a break in its many courtyards. You can take a walk on the Charles Bridge at sunrise or cruise down the River Vltava in the evening for a quick panoramic glimpse into the glory of this city.
If you have less time, you can finish seeing the major attractions in 2 – 3 days. On the first day, start with a long tour of the Prague Castle. Prague Castle, located on the left bank of River Vltava, is a complex of medieval buildings with Baroque churches and a royal palace on top of a hill. The Castle has been the seat of Czech princes, kings, and also presidents in the modern history of the state, since the end of the 9th century. The long tour of Prague’s most significant monument will present to visitors not only the history and structural development of Prague Castle, but also the personalities connected with the castle, and other interesting things. The tour comprises of all courtyards, leads around the St Vitus, St Wenceslas and St Adalbert Cathedrals and the Old Royal Palace to Jiřské Square, from where it continues to the Golden Lane and to Opyš.
Continue with a walk on the 14th Century Charles Bridge which connects the Old & New Town & is located on the right bank. Special attention must be given not only to its beautiful sculptural decoration, but also to the Old Town and Lesser Quarter bridge towers. It has an open – air gallery of statues that make a stroll here worthwhile.
Next, visit the Old Town Square. It is located on the right bank of the River Vltava. Old Town City Hall, the Church of Our Lady before Týn, House at the Stone Bell, Kinský Palace, St Nicholas Church the Jan Hus Memorial are the sights to explore on the square. The Old Town City Hall is the seat of Old Town local government. You can take 2 tours there. The Old Town City Hall offers two tours. You can climb up the stairs to the Town Hall Tower and enjoy a beautiful view of Prague’s historical center from a height of almost 70 meters. The second tour will take you through the city hall’s interior (a chapel with apostles, historical halls and a Romanesque-Gothic underground). The city hall’s exterior is dominated by the remarkable Old Town Astronomical Clock. The Astronomical Clock is the oldest such working clock. You can also visit the Jewish Quarter, popular for its medieval synagogues & cemetery.
The next day, start with Vyšehrad. Vyšehrad is the very first seat of Czech princes and kings. A tour will guide you through all the interesting moments in the history of Vyšehrad, the history and decoration of the Basilica of St Peter and St Paul, significant personalities buried at the Vyšehrad cemetery and other interesting buildings at Vyšehrad. You can also visit casemates, vaults built in the fortification, where the originals of statues from the Charles Bridge are currently being deposited. Several viewing points offer astonishing views over Prague.
Then visit Charles Square, which is surrounded by New Town Hall, the Church of St Ignatius and the Jesuit College, the Faust House and a Czech Technical University building. There also many other monuments on the square that you can walk by. Make a short stop at Emauzy – The Monastery of Slavic Benedictines. The monastery was founded in 1347 by Charles IV as a part of his plans to unify the Greek Byzantine and Roman Catholic Churches. On a tour through this unique place you can see a cloister with Gothic paintings, a Baroque refectory, imperial chapel and Church of Our Lady. In the evening, walk to the top of Petřín hill. An evening atmosphere may inspire you to visit the local mirror maze or the Petřín observation tower from which you can enjoy unforgettable views of the city. You can also catch a performance at the grand Estates Theatres.
You can also spend an evening shopping in Prague. For familiar international brands, visit Wenceslas Square, Republic Square & Parizka Street. For small shops selling handmade souvenirs, explore the Old Town Square & the Lesser Town. Here you can also buy glass & crystal, garnets & amber, and other knick knacks also.
So, you can see that even if you have less time, you can explore Prague in a nutshell. Enjoy the beautiful architecture & unique monuments of Prague along with the shopping & gourmet food.